I am in Thailand again for the annual Pepperdine Law Spring Break trip. It’s arguably my favorite event to lead. One of the most fascinating experiences for our students is an overnight stay at Mae La Refugee Camp with the Karen people along the Thai-Burma border. We learn about the plight of the Karen, the dramatic story of Burma, and the ongoing fight for freedom.
As usual, we joined them on our morning of departure for a church service. In typical fashion, we sat in front and each student introduced themselves. I gave a message. When that was over, one of the pastors thanked us and, in front of 450 Karen in the congregation, asked for our help in an important matter. The dictionary. In The New American Oxford Dictionary, he explained, the Karen people are defined as a “wild unclean man.” Could you help us change it? he pled–he had written to the dictionary and received no response.
I was stunned–by both the perplexing nature this prejudicial definition and the specificity of their request. Naturally, as lawyers, we all wanted to see the definition in print. An outdated dictionary perhaps? Urban legend possibly? We would need to make it back to Chiang Mai to read this supposed definition in an obscure dictionary edition.
Or so we thought.
On Lisa’s Kindle, The New American Oxford Dictionary comes pre-loaded. Not so obscure after all. And, there it was, the high definition: “from Burmese ka-reng ‘wild unclean man.’” The offending definition was Oxford’s proposed etymology, not the full definition itself. Nonetheless, the Karen position is completely understandable. For the several million strong Karen population now spread the world over as ambassadors and refugees of Karen nation, the definition is simply offensive. Especially for refugees getting resettled among 11 nations, the definition is prejudicial.
The New American Oxford Dictionary origin, however, is suspect. First, the language of the Karen isn’t Burmese—it’s Karen. It’s dubious that the Karen would adopt a name for themselves not of their own language. It’s also questionable that they would willfully adopt a derogatory term.
We immediately began some research on the origin of the name. It’s been studied by anthropologists and there is a fairly clear consensus among them: they don’t know. While the exact origin of name “Karen” is unknown, the most probable scenario is that it came from the Kayin, another hill tribe in eastern Burma who speak a related Sino-Tibetan language. No anthropologist suggests the name originated a derogatory Burmese term.
While the exact origin of “Karen” is unknown, The New American Oxford Dictionary treats it as conclusive fact. At the very least, this is incomplete and misleading, if not woefully inaccurate. While the good people at Oxford Press may not be moved by the effect of their definitions, I suspect they are concerned about the accuracy of their dictionary.
So, what do we do from here? Despite their many needs as refugees, its not very often that the Karen ask for something specific. Thus, we are inclined to do what we can.
1) Does anyone have an explanation for the Karen name that explains or refutes the NAOD definition?
2) If the definition is inaccurate, does anyone have any suggestions for how to help get the definition changed? We are considering a letter from Pepperdine University School of Law to Oxford Press as well as a subsequent or concurrent Change.org petition.